Pranayama is a philosophy and a way of life where the art and science meet. It is a key component of yoga, a physical and emotional health practice. In Sanskrit word “Prana” (प्राण, prāṇa) mean the life force or vital principle. And “yamas” (Sanskrit: यम) means reining in or control. Pranayama exercise includes breathing movements and patterns. The body of a woman is physically created for certain special purposes, such as adaptation for growing foetus. A high risk pregnancy is one with a substantial chance for a harmful maternal or foetus outcome.
Many premigravida have experiencing varying degrees of labour pain and high level of stress and anxiety during labour process. Practicing pranayama during pregnancy can bring a lot benefit to make the process of pregnancy much smoother. It provides improved disposal of waste products and sufficient supply oxygen to the mother and child. Studies have shown that non pharmacological treatments like particular breathing techniques have a positive outcome on reduce labour pain and anxiety in maternal. To prevent pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) a form of high blood pressure in pregnancy, pranayama makes a beneficial to the maternal to improve her wellbeing day to day life.